How Long Do Parrots Live as Pets?

How long do parrots live as pets? It’s a common question asked by those considering purchasing a parrot. The answer, however, is not always so simple.


Parrots are highly intelligent, colorful birds that have become popular in households around the world. From amazons to cockatoos, these unique birds can be found in all kinds of homes, bringing a dose of life and energy to their humans. While they’re relatively easy to care for and take up very little space, they can live anywhere from 10-90 years depending on species and particular bird. Before you consider adopting a parrot as a pet, understand what is involved with learning how to care for them properly, as well as when you may need to say goodbye after all those years together.

Factors Influencing Parrot Lifespan

Parrots are amazing and unique pets, and it’s important to understand the various factors that influence how long they can potentially live. Many people are surprised to learn that the lifespan of different parrot species vary significantly and can range from 10 to 90 years. Therefore, understanding the various factors that influence parrot lifespan can help you make sure they have the best care possible. Let’s take a look at some of the most important ones.


The lifespan of pet parrots depends on a variety of factors, but the most important factor is the species. Generally speaking, larger parrots tend to live longer than smaller parrots. This is due to their slower metabolic rate and larger bodily size which allows them to store as much energy as possible.

Macaws are among the largest parrot species and they can live up to 100-years in captivity; however, they usually average around 50-60 years. African greys are also popular birds that can live up to 40-50 years in captivity. These long lifespans are said to be due to their bonding with humans and exercise habits that can be triggered in a home environment.

Cockatiels have an average lifespan of 15-20 years; Amazon parrots typically have a lifespan of 30-50 years; Senegal parrots live anywhere between 20-30 years; Eclectus typically have a life expectancy of up to 60 years; Lovebirds generally survive 10 – 15 years while budgies usually live between 8 and 12 years. However, with proper care and nutrition, any type of parrot is capable of living an extended lifespan beyond these estimates.


Diet plays a large part in a parrot’s lifespan. While wild parrots usually feed on a wide variety of plant material, fruits, flowers and seeds, pet parrots are usually fed formulated diets specifically designed for their species. It is important to provide your pet with a balanced diet that mimics their natural food sources as closely as possible. A good quality formulated diet should provide all the essential vitamins, minerals, proteins and fats they need while eliminating the risk of obesity or malnutrition. In addition, fresh foods like fruits and vegetables should be offered regularly to provide maximum nutrition for your bird.

Quality sleep is also an essential factor in your bird’s health and longevity; a regular night time routine in an environment free from distraction and noise will ensure that the parrot gets the rest it needs for optimal health. Parrots are highly social creatures by nature so bonding with their human owners is also very important; spending quality time together strengthens the bond between you both, helps your parrot live longer, and allows you to monitor any changes in behavior which may indicate a problem.
It is also crucial to take into account fresh water supply as well as enrichment activities that stimulate mental health. Providing toys such as ladders or swings will help keep them mentally active which can ultimately promote physical fitness and encourage longer lives.


Parrot’s environment is one of the key factors that can affect their longevity and wellness. Maintaining a healthy environment requires providing adequate space, proper diet, exercise, and stimulation to ensure that a parrot can live a long and healthy life.

In the wild, the average lifespan of a parrot can vary greatly depending on the species. For example, Eclectus parrots typically live longer than other parrots due to their large size and protective coloration; they may live up to 50 years in the wild. However, smaller parrots in the wild such as lovebirds may only live around 10 years due to their more fragile nature.

The main environmental factors influencing pet parrot lifespans include their diet, housing type, age when acquired, daily activity level and socialization opportunities. Generally speaking, giving pet birds high quality nutrition has been found to be one of the most effective ways to extend their lifespan significantly. Quality bird food should include plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables with some seed mix or pellets available as part of an overall well-balanced diet. To keep your bird entertained, provide them with toys that are appropriate for your bird’s size that encourage physical activity such as shredding paper or picking apart pieces of wood for instance. Socialization opportunities should also be offered to provide enrichment for both mental and physical health; some examples include going outside for walks on a leash or interacting regularly with family members indoors (without stressing out your feathered friend). Finally, environmental changes should made gradually whenever possible – eliminating sudden changes from happening as this can increase levels of stress in birds which might lead to further complications down the road.


Genetics play a major role in determining the lifespan of a parrot. Some parrot species, such as macaws and toucans, have genetic lifespans of 20-30 years, while others, such as budgies and lovebirds can last 8-15 years with good care. Furthermore, individual genetics within a species can influence longevity. Parrots that come from healthy parents and have stronger genes tend to live longer than those with weaker genes.

In addition to genetics, environmental factors also have a significant impact on the lifespan of parrots. These include nutrition, exercise and stress levels–all of which can either extend or shorten the parrot’s life expectancy. Good nutrition is essential for maintaining optimal health and can significantly contribute to a longer life for your pet bird. A balanced diet that includes fruits, vegetables and proteins will provide essential nutrients as well as antibodies to help defend against illnesses. Proper exercise is also necessary for a parrot’s physical well-being; providing plenty of toys or perches in its cage will encourage it to stretch its wings and interact with its environment. Finally, reducing stress levels is important for both psychological and physical welfare since parrots are sensitive to their environment; ensuring proper socialization with humans or other birds can help them stay happy and healthy.

Average Lifespan of Common Pet Parrots

Parrots are intelligent, social birds that can form strong bonds with their owners, making them wonderful companions. Depending on the species, pet parrots can live on average anywhere from 10-80 years. To get an idea of how long some of the most common pet parrots can live, let’s take a look at the average lifespan of parrots kept as pets.

Budgerigars (Budgies)

Budgerigars, also known as budgies, are a type of parrot that are widely kept as companion birds. Native to Australia, these brightly colored birds can live for 7-10 years in optimum conditions. This can be affected by many factors such as the quality of care, nutrition and housing environment. To ensure your pet budgerigar enjoys a long life, it is important to provide them with suitable housing and environmental enrichment to encourage physical and mental stimulation during his lifetime.

It is important to remember that all parrots require good-quality nutrition and medical care throughout their lifespan. A healthy diet should contain fresh fruits and vegetables alongside various types of bird seed or pellets along with fresh water on a daily basis. Regular veterinary check-ups are recommended for any pet parrot in order to detect health problems early and make sure that the bird is receiving the proper healthcare for its age including appropriate vaccinations if required.


Cockatiels (Nymphicus hollandicus), also known as quarrion, are small parrots native to Australia. Commonly kept as pets, cockatiels are affectionate, intelligent birds with a lifespan of about 15-20 years in captivity if provided with proper care. Their diet should consist of fresh fruits and vegetables in addition to a commercial seed mix; fresh water should be available at all times. It is important to provide regular veterinary checkups and wing trimming to maintain the health of these birds. Cockatiels enjoy regular handling and can become very attached to their owners, exhibiting playful behavior such as head bobbing, whistling, stomping and mimicry. Appropriate toys are necessary for stimulation, along with access to natural sunlight where possible.


The average lifespan for pet lovebirds is around 10 to 15 years. However, many can live 20 years or more given the proper care. A healthy lovebird will generally be very active and curious, with bright eyes and good feather condition. To ensure your lovebird lives a long and healthy life, you should provide its essential needs such as a spacious enclosure with excellent ventilation, high-quality food with plentiful nutrition sources, high-stimulus toys, and plants or foliage perches for its physical exercise. Additionally, regular checkups from an avian veterinarian are important in order to detect potential health issues. By ensuring these components are met on a daily basis you will be giving your lovebird its best chance of living a long life full of vitality!


Macaws are larger parrot species that come in a variety of colors and sizes. These typically long-lived birds are native to South America, Central America, and Mexico and can live up to 60 years in the wild. When kept as pets, these magnificent birds also tend to have a relatively long lifespan.

On average, large Macaw species like the Scarlet Macaws (Ara macao) have an estimated lifespan of 40–60 years when cared for properly by knowledgeable owners. Other medium-sized Macaw species like the Military Macaws (Ara militaris) can also live up to 40–50 years with good care. Medium-sized hybrids such as the Catalina Macaw (a hybrid between blue and gold macaws) typically have a lifespan of around 25 years with good care while smaller hybrid species such as Harlequin Macaws (hybrids between Blue and Gold or Military and Scarlet Macaw) usually have lifespans from 15–25 years with proper caretaking requirements met.


In conclusion, the life span of parrots ranges from 10-80 years depending on the species and care they are provided with. As long as they receive proper nutrition, medical attention, and adequate housing in a safe and stimulating environment, parrots can live long and happy lives in captivity. Captive parrots tend to outlive their wild counterparts due to lack of disease exposure and predation threats among other factors. Nonetheless, all pet owners should recognize that a companion parrot is a long-term commitment that requires thoughtful dedication to ensuring its happiness and wellbeing.

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